Mowing acres of lawn can take too long on an ordinary riding mower. Spreading and wheel-barrowing the manure by hand is onerous. And bumping a gravel driveway down is tiring. That is why many people need a piece of machinery which will help them push, push, cut, dig and just keep up with the work in their farm. This is where a tractor comes in handy.
Kinds of Tractors
Before going to your local dealership to buy a tractor and other equipment like chargeuse à bois Payeur.com, know your fundamental options and the most suitable equipment for your farm. The following are some major tractor categories.
- Garden and Lawn Tractors-These light-duty tractors range from around 10-25 hp. They are slow and often use gasoline although some provide diesel engines. This equipment is perfect for mowing grass on one to two acres of land. Also, they can tow light loads and are likely to be best at operating small ground-drive implements. However, some have a power take-off or three-point hitch required for bigger machines.
- Compact and Subcompact Tractors-Such tractors are heavier duty than garden and lawn tractors. Their engine horsepower ratings range from 15-50. Subcompact tractors are made while considering ease of operation and low maintenance. They are capable of operating all types of implements and come with a two-speed transmission. Meanwhile, compact tractors are flexible and are likely to be best for baling hay that has a small square baler on small acreage.
- Utility Tractors- Such heavy-duty units are typically meant for commercial-scale farms. They are expected to have a three-point hitch, horsepower in the 45-110 range and PTO. As with compact tractors, the majority of new models are provided with diesel engines. For farms that are up to around 160 acres, these machineries are the workhorse tractors which can get big jobs done.
Torque and Horsepower
As horses offered power for pulling plows and loaded wagons before the invention of engines, early makers of tractors rated their equipment based on its ability to carry out work which could be compared to the work of a horse. One horsepower is equivalent to the power of a horse pulling something equivalent to 33,000 foot-pounds ever minute.
Meanwhile, torque refers to the twist measure which an engine can apply to the PTO or driving wheels. For instance, you have a couple of tractors that are advertised with a similar horsepower. However, the one machinery has higher torque. This one has an engine which runs slower in order to have the same amount of turning action, thus, utilizing less energy for doing the same amount of work.
When it comes to horsepower, tractor manufacturers deal with three aspects. The first one is gross horsepower or engine which represents the amount of power produced by the engine. But, the engine tends to lose some horsepower through its operation. Tractors that have a PTO must be able to operate implements so PTO horsepower is the number that the majority of manufactures report as they specify tractor horsepower.
Moreover, horsepower in tractors is rated at the drawbar. The ability of the tractor to do tillage work such as disking and plowing is impacted by its drawbar horsepower.